Clinical Support

Tetrax FB is the result of more than 20 years of clinical research and experience published in scientific journals and international medical meetings.

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Sport and Sport Medicine
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Alpini D, Caputo D, Pellegatta D, Fini M. The evaluation of balance disorders in multiple sclerosis by means of Tetraxiometry. Proceedings of the 10th Meeting of the European Neurological Society, Jerusalem, 2000.

Alpini D, Cesarani A, Pugnetti L, Cardini R, Hahn A, Sambataro G. Project to prevent mobility related accidents in elderly and disabled. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Disability, Virtual Reality and Ass. Tech., Alghero, Italy, 2000;249–254.

Alpini D, Caputo D, Cesarani A. A paradoxical stabilization effect of visual-somatosensory deprivation on postural control and its possible relationship to cerebellar dysfunction. Proceedings of NES Conference, Alghero, Sardinia, 2001.

Alpini D, et al. Falls in the Elderly. The development of a Risk Questionnaire and posturographic findings. The International Tinnitus Journal, 2001;7,105.

Alpini D, Capobianco S, Cesarani A, Marin F, Maggi M, Kohen-Raz R. The correlation between dental occlusion and posture evaluated by means of tetra-ataxiometry. Archives for Sensology and Neurootology in Science and Practice. ISSN 1612 – 3352. Proceedings of the XXX Congress of the NES. Oporto, Portugal, 2003;7.

Alpini D, Cesarani A, Fraschini F, Kohen-Raz R, Capobianco S, Cornelio F. Aging and vestibular system specific tests and role of melatonin in cognitive involvement. Arch. Gerontol, Geriatr, 2004;13–25.

Alpini D, Mattei V, Schlecht H, Kohen-Raz R. Ice training, rather than age, influences postural control in synchronized ice skating. Tecar Verona-Ghirada, Team Sport Conference, 2008.

Alpini D, Hahn A, Riva D. Static and dynamic postural control adaptations induced by playing ice hokey. Sport Sci Health, 2008;2:85–92.

Arce F, Katz N, Sugarman H. The scaling of postural adjustments during bimanual load-lifting in traumatic brain-injured adults. Human Movement Science, 2004;22:749–768.

Avni N. The validation of a normalized score of static balance control to assess postural correlates of fatigue and circadian effects. M. Sc. thesis. Faculty of Medicine, Ben Gurion University, Ber Sheva, 2006.

Avni N, Kohen-Raz R, Morad Y. Brief posturographic test as an indicator of fatigue. Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 2006;60:340–346.

Ayalon A, Ben-Sira S. Reliability of a new method of tetra-ataxiametric posturography. In: Duran J, Hernandez JL, Ruiz LM. Ed. Proceedings of the IX International Conference on Sport and Physical Education. AISEP. Madrid, National Instititute of Physical Education. Ministry of Education, 1988.

Ayalon L, Cohen D, El-Dror I, Dayan Y. Weight Shifts during upright stance are related to sleep apnea and show diurnal variations. Procedings of the 17th Annual Meeting of APSS (Associated Professional Sleep Societies), Chicago, Ill, 2003.

Barateig B. Comparison between the (French) Platforme de Stabilometrie and the Tetra-ataxiametric Platforms. M.D. thesis, University of Paris – West, 1998.

Bissola E. Stabilometry in Confrontation. Comparison of Equitest and Tetrax. Diploma Thesis. Faculty of Medicine, Universita degli Studi di Milano, 1999.

Cesarani A, Kohen-Raz R, Brambilla D, Burstin A, Giordano GP, Braun R, Capobianco S, Amodoe C, Alpinin D. A cross-cultural comparison of posturographic differences between elderly women reporting falls vs. no falls. Proceedings of the XIII Regular Barany Society Meeting, Uppsala, 2000.

Cohen-Erner C. Hearing Loss and Balance. A study on balance proficiency in children with sensori-neurological hearing loss as compared to healthy controls at ages 5 – 7. M. Sc. thesis, Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, 2003.

Dickstein R. Stance stability with unilateral light touch of an external stationary object. Somatosensory & Motor Research, 2005;22:319–325.

Doubkova J. The Effects of the Feldenkreis Method on postural activity. M.A. thesis, Dep. Physical Education, Charles University of Prague, 1999.

Friedrich M, Grein HJ, Wicher C, Schuetze J, Mueller A, Lauenroth A, Hottenrott K, Schwesig R. Influence of pathologic and simulated visual dysfunctions on the postural system. Exp. Brain Research, 2008;186:305–364.

Giuliano DA, Constnaza G, Gallina S, Speciale R, Barone G, Restivo S. Le turbe de ‘equilibrio in eta senile. Otolaringologica, 2003; 53:1–9.

Granert JP, Schwesig R & Müller K. Posturographie – eine Methode zur Erfassung neuromuskulärer Veränderungen durch MTT mittels Spacecurl? In: Müller K, Becker S, Röhl K, Seidel EJ (Ed), Ausgewählte Aspekte der Physikalischen und Rehabilitativen Medizin GFBB – Verlag Bad Kösen, 2002.

Himmelfarb R, Kohen-Raz R, Rapaport J, Bloom A. The application of posturography in the assessment of vertiginous disorders caused by head and neck injuries. Proceedings of the International. Meeting on Whiplash Injuries. Univ. of Wales, England, 1992.

Karapolat H, Eyigor S, Kirazli Y, Celebisoy N, Bilgen C, Kirazli T. Reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change of Turkish Activities – specific Balance Confidence Scale in patients with unilateral peripheral vestibular disease. International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Issue: Volume 3(1), March 2010;12–18.

Kohen-Raz R. Les relations entre la dyslexie et le controle de l’equilibre statique. Enfance, Paris, 1972;487–517

Kohen-Raz R & Gentaz R. Posturographic characteristics of patients with lower back pain. Cahiers de Posturologie, Paris, June 1993.

Kohen-Raz R & Hiriartborde E. Some observations on tetra-ataxiametric patterns of static balance and their relation to mental and scholastic achievement. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 1979;48:871–890.

Kohen-Raz R. Application of Tetra-Ataxiametric Postrography in clinical and developmental diagnosis. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 1991;73:635–656.

Kohen-Raz R. Developmental patterns of static balance ability and their relation to cognitive school readiness. Pediatrics, 1970;46:276–281.

Kohen-Raz R. Learning Disabilities and Postural Control. Tel Aviv: Freund Publishing House, 1986.

Kohen-Raz R, Sokolov A, Kohen-Raz A, Demmer M, Harell M. Posturoghraphic correlates of peripheral and central vestibular disorders as assessed by electronystagmography (ENG) and the Tetrax Interactive Balance System. In: Reid A, Marchbanks R, Ernst A (Editors). Intercranial & Inner Ear Physiology & Pathophysiology. London: Whurr Publishing Co., 1998.

Kohen-Raz R, Erel J, Davidson B, Caine Y, Froom P. Postural control in pilots and candidates for flight training. Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine, 1994;65:323–326.

Kohen-Raz R, Himmelfarb M, Tsur S, Kohen-Raz A, Shub Y. An initial evaluation of work fatigue and circadian changes as assessed by multiplate posturography. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 1996;82:547–557.

Kohen-Raz R, Rosenberger A, Chen R. La contribution de la posturographie tetra-ataxiametrique au diagnostic differentiel des enfants autistiques. Approche Neuropsychologique des Apprentisages chez l, Enfant, Paris, 1991;3: 89–95.

Kohen-Raz R, Volkmar F, Cohen D. Postural control in autistic children. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1992;22:419–432.

Kohen-Raz R, Roth V. Posturographic characteristics of Whiplash patients. Proceedings of the XII Regular Meeting of the Barany Society. Wuerzburg, Germany, 1998. In: Claus CF, Claus-Toni H, Hoffenberth B. (Editors). Equilibrium Research, Clinical Equilibriometry and Modern Treatment, Amsterdam, Elsevier, 2000.

Kohen-Raz R. La contribution de la Posturolgie a la recherché et au diagnostic de la dyslexie et du retard cognitif. Proceedings of the Meeting of the French Posturologic Society. XIII Journees de Posturologie, Paris, 2006.

Kohen-Raz, R. Die Applikation der Interaktiven Posturographie im Sport und in der Sport Rehabilitation. In: Witte K, Edelm ann-Nusser J, Sabo A, Moritz E. (Editors). Sporttechnologie zwuschen Theorie und Praxis IV. Aachen: Shaker Verlag, 2006; 389–396.

Kohen-Raz R, Morad Y. Posturography as an indicator of fatigue and its application in aviation medicine. Proceedings of the 55th International Congress of Aviation and Space Medicine, Vienna, 2007.

Kollmitzer J, Ebenbichler GR, Sabo A, Kerschan K, Bochdansky T. Effects of back extensor training versus balance training on postural control. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 2000;1770–1776.

Lambez A. Analysis of Pressure Signals for Postural Assessment and Diagnosis. M.Sc. Thesis, Center of Medical Physics, Tel-Aviv University, 2006.

Lauenroth A, Schwesig R, Pudszuhn A, Bloching M, Hottenrott K. Sensomotorisches Training bei Neuropathia vestibularis. Manuelle Medizin, 2008; 46:10– 6.

Laufer Y, Dickstein Y, Resnik S, Marcovitz E. Weight bearing shifts of hemiparietal and healthy adults upon stepping on stairs of various heights. Clinical Rehabilitation, 2000;14:125–129.

Laufer Y. Effects of one-point and four-point canes on balance and weight distribution in patients with hemiparesis. Clinical Rehabilitation, 2002;16:141–148.

Laufer Y. The effect of walking aids on balance and weight bearing patterns of hemiparetic patients in various stance positions. Physical Therapy, 2003;83(2):112–122.

Laufer Y, Sivan D, Schwartzmann R, Sprecher E. Standing balance and functional recovery of patients with right and left hemiparesis in the early stages of rehabilitation. Neural Repair, 2003;17,4,207–213

Laufer Y, Schwartznann R, Sivan D, Sprecher E. Postural control of patients with hemiparesis: Force plates measuerements based on the clinical sensory organizatio test. Physiotherapy Theory and Praxis, 2005.

Leithauser D,Central Vertigo. A challenge for diagnostics. HNO Nachrichten, 2003;33(4):24–26.

Morad Y, Azaria B, Avni I, Zadok D, Kohen-Raz R, Barenboim E. Posturography as an indicator of atigue. Aviation, Space & Environ. Medicine, 2007;78(5):859–863.

Müller K, Schwesig R, Leuchte S, Riede D. Koordinationstrainng und Lebensqualität. Coordinative traning and quality of life. Gesundheitswesen, 2001;63:609–618.

Ohlendorf D, Bunthenmeyer B, Filman N, Schwesig R, Kopp S. Posturographische Untersuchungen bei Kindern und jungen Erwachsenen mit und ohne Kreuzbiss. Manuelle Medizin, 2009;47:33–38.

Oppenheim U, Kohen-Raz A, Daitz A, Azarya M. Postural characteristics of diabetic neuropathy. Diabetes Care, 1999;22:328–332.

Pintov S, Leket T, Roth V, Mirovsky Y, Schwesig R. Postural charactersiotics of low back patients. Proceedings of the International Congress of Posture 9and Gait. Maastrich, 2001.

Prasansuk Suchitra, Chana Siriyananda, Apinan Na Nakorn, Suvajana Atipas, Samut Chongvisal. Balance Disorders in the Elderly and the Benefit of Balance Exercise. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, 2004 Vol. 87 No.10 p. 1225

Ratzon N, Froom P, Leikin R, Kristal-Boneh E, Ribak J. The effect of lead exposure on postural control in workers. British Journal of Industrial Medicine, 2000;57(3):201–203.

Rossmann S, Schwesig R, Leinch J. Zur Gleichgewichtsregulation bei hoergeschaedigten und gesunden Kindern. Zeitschrift fuer Motopaedagogik und Mototherapie, 2004;27:194–200.

Roth V, Perlson Y. The contribution of an interactive balance recording system (IBS) to the diagnosis, treatment and follow up of Foot and Ankle Injuries. Proceedings of the International Congress on Foot and Ankle Injuries, Jerusalem, January 1997.

Schwartz S, Schwesig R, Avni N, Morad Y. The effect of cataract surgery on postural control. Investigative Opthalmology and Visual Science, 2005;46,3,920–924.

Schwesig R. Effects of training with the Space Curl Technique on low back patients with low back problems. Ph. D. thesis, Martin Luther University, Halle, Germany, 2001.

Schwesig R, Brandt J, Hottenrott K. Parametric assesment of fall risk in patients with osteoporosis. In VDR (Edit), Rehabilitationsforschung in Deutschland – Stand und Perspektiven, 14, 311 – 313. Rehabilitationswissenschaftliches Kolloquium, Hannover, 2005.

Schwesig R. Lauenroth A, Müller A, Becker S, Hottenrott K. Parametric Assesment of Postural Subsystems using Posturography. Manuelle Medizin, 44, 5, 2006, pp. 376-384 (9)

Schwesig R, Lauenroth A, Becker S, Hottenrott K. The Postural System as affected by Age and Sex. Manuelle Medizin, 44, 5, 2006, pp. 385-390(6)

Schwesig R, Schimani R, Wentzel K, Hottenrott K. Evaluation of rehabilitating stationary back pain by means of Posturography. In VDR (Edit.), Rehabilitationsforschung in Deutschland-Stand und Perspektiven, 14 (289 – 290). Rehabilitationswissenschaftliches Kolloquium, Hannover, 2005.

Schwesig R,Lauenroth A, Hottenrott K. Quantification of Sensory Motor Training Effects by means of Posturography . In: Würth S, Panzer S, Krug J, Alfermann D. (Editors), Sport in Europa (Schriften der Deutschen Vereinigung für Sportwissenschaft), 151(232). Hamburg, Czwalina, 2005.

Schwesig R., Becker S., Lauenroth A., Müller K., Leuchte S., Esperer H.D., Kluttig A. (2010). Postural deficits and risk of falling in elderly persons with incipient osteoporosis. Z Gerontol Geriat, 43, 158-164.

Schwesig R., Becker S., Lauenroth A., Kluttig A., Leuchte S., Esperer H.D. (2009). A novel posturographic method to differentiate sway patterns of patients with Parkinson`s disease from patients with cerebellar ataxia. Biomed Tech, 54, 347-356.

Schwesig R. A Method to investigate the regulation of upright stance as related to the subsystems of postural control. In: Betz M, Hottenrott K. (Hrsg.), Training und Gesundheit bei Kindern und Jugendlichen (Schriften der Deutschen Vereinigung für Sportwissenschaft), 2008.

Schwesig R., Sannemüller K., Kolditz R., Hottenrott K., Becker S., Esperer H.D. (2008). Specific riding styles are associated with specific effects on bodily posture control. Sportverl Sportschad, 22, 93-99.

Schwesig R., Neumann S., Richter D., Kauert R., Esperer H.D., Leuchte S. (2009). Impact of therapeutic riding on gait and posture regulation. Sportverl Sportschad, 23, 84-94.

Müller K., Schwesig R., Leuchte S., Riede D. (2001). Coordinative treatment and quality of life – a randomised trial of nurses with back pain. Gesundheitswesen, 63, 609-618.

Schwesig R, Müeller K, Becker S, Kreutzfeldt A, Hottenrott K. Sensory Motor Training of Seniors with Osteoporosis. Akt Rheumatol, 2006;31:196–203.

Schwesig R., Goldich Y., Hahn A., Müller A., Kohen-Raz R., Kluttig A., Morad Y. (2011). Postural Control in Subjects with Visual Impairment. Eur J Ophthalmol, 21, 303-309.

Shub Y, Kohen-Raz R, Kohen-Raz A, Ashkenazi IE. Fatigue and circadian changes assessed by posturography. Proceedings of the International Congress of Aerospace Medicine, Jerusalem, 1996.

Shub Y, Kohen-Raz A, Kohen-Raz R, Ashkenazi IE. Combination effects of circadian variations and fatigue assessment by Flight Simulator and Multiplate Posturography. Proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, The Ohio State Department of Aviation Psychology, Columbus, Ohio, 1999.

Turner D. Evaluation of the Tetrax Interactive Balance System and Equitest using normal subjects. M.Sc. thesis, University of Southampton, 1998.

Yu Youlin, Zhang Jianguo. Balance ability in preschool children during static standing. Chinese Journal of Sports Medicine, 2009;28,2.

Zhang Jianguo, Tan Mingyi, Mao Wenhui. A study of balance function in middle aged and older adults during static standing. Chinese Journal of Sports Medicine, 2008;27.05.

Sugarman H, Weisel-Eichler A. Use of the Wii Fit system for the treatment of balance problems in the elderly. A feasibility study Virtual Rehabilitation International Conference, Haifa, Israel, 2009.

Kim CR, Chun MH, Lee GA. Assessments of Balance Control Using Tetra-ataxiametric Posturography. J Korean Acad Rehabil Med, 2009;33(4):429–435.

Demirhan Dıraçoğlu, Cem Cihan, Halim İşsever, Resa Aydın. Postural Performance in Patients with Cervical Radiculopathy. Turk J Phys Med Rehab, 2009;55:153–7.

Kim BR, Choi KH, Chun MH, Lee MC, Chung SJ, Jang KW. Evaluation of Balance Control in Patients with Idiopathic Parkinson’s Disease Using Tetra-ataxiometric Posturography. J Korean Acad Rehabil Med., 2009;33(5):538–546.

Dehner C, Heym B, Maier D, Sander S, Arand M, Elbela M, Hartwig E, Kramer M. Postural control deficit in acute QTF grade II whiplash injuries. GAIT & POSTURE, Jul 2008; 28(1):113–119.

Karapolat H, Eyigor S, Kirazli Y, Celebisoy N, Bilgen C, Kirazli T. Reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change of Turkish Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale in patients with unilateral peripheral vestibular disease. International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, March 2010;3(1):12–18

Wen-Chi Wu. Correlationion between Sensory Integraion and Static Balance in Children with and without Developmental Coordination. Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 2010;25(7).

Kim HM, Chun MH, Kim CR, Park JY. Effects of Dynamic Ankle-Foot Orthosis on Postural Balance Control in Hemiparetic Patients. J Korean Acad Rehabil Med, 2011;35(2):188–194.

Lee KG, Chun MH, Kang SH, Kim BR. The evaluation of effect after biofeedback training using Interactive Balance System in sub-acute stroke patients. Asan Medical Center Korea, XVII. European Stroke Conference Nice, France. Poster Session: Recovery and rehabilitation, May 2008.

Ahn MH, Ahn CS, Kim MC. Effect of Selective-task vs Set-task Program on Balance and Weight Bearing of Stroke Patients. Journal of Physical Therapy Science 2011;23:707–717

Bochdansky T, Kommenda D, Bernreiter C, Sabo A. The postural system is affected by static and dynamic muscular fatigue. 7th EFSMA – European Congress of Sports Medicine, 3rd Central European Congress of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. German Medical Science GMS Publishing House, Düsseldorf, 2011.

Alkan H, Topuz O, Yildiz N, Alkan S, Sarsan A, Ardic F. Efficacy of Home-based exercise Program and postural biofeedback therapy in reducing risk of falling among Osteoporotic women over 65 years of age. Turkish Journal of Geriatrics, 2011;14:26–34.

Alpini D, Di Berardino F, Mattei V, Caputo D, Schalek P, Cesarani A. Characteristics of multiple sclerosis patients stance control disorders, measured by means of osturography and related to brainstem lesions. Audiology Research, 2012-01-13 18:02:16

Kim H-S, Yun DH, You SD, Kim DH, Yeung SD, Yun J-S, Hwand DG, Jung OK, Choi SH. Balance control and Knee Osteo-arthritis severity. Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine, 2011;35,701 – 709.

Adam M, Leblebici B, Erkan AN, Bagis S, Akman NM. Ankylosing Spondylitis and Postural Balance. Turkish Journal of Rheumatology, 2008;3:87 – 90.

Bochdansky T, Bernreiter C, Kammenda D, Sabo A. The influence of Static and Dynamic Fatigue on Balance Control. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine. Supplement 49, 2011. Abstracts of the 6th World Congress of the Ibnternational Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine. San Juan, Porto Rico, 2011.

Gstoettner M, Neher A, Scholtz A, Millonic M, Lembert S, Raschner Ch. Balance ability and muscle response of the preferren and non prefereed leg in soccer players. Motor Control, 2009;13:218 – 231.

Li Kefeng. Effects of gender and exercise training on static postural balance of college students. A quantitative comparison analysis. Medicine and Education, 2011, 461 – 464.

Schwesig R, Goldich Y, Hahn A, Müller A, Kohen-Raz R, Kluttig A, Morad Y. Visual impairment affects postural control. Eur Journal of Opthalmology, 2011;21(3):303 – 30.

Laporte JA, Broeder CA. Test-Retest Reliability of the Tetrax Balance Systém in Frail Seniors. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 2007, p. 249

Schwesig R., Leuchte S., Kluttig A., Becker S., Schmidt H., Esperer H.D. (2009). The impact of different sports on posture regulation. Sportverl Sportschad, 23, 148-154.

Schwesig R., Kluttig A., Kriebel K., Becker S., Leuchte S. (2009). Prospective comparison of assessments to evaluate fall risk in a nursing home population. Z Gerontol Geriat, 42, 473-478.

Lauenroth A., Knipping S., Schwesig R. (2012). Vestibular disorders: Effects of sensorimotor training on postural regulation and on recovery process. HNO, 60, (Epub ahead of print).

Schwesig R., Fischer D., Becker S., Leuchte S. (2013). Can falls be predicted with gait analytical and posturographic measurement systems? A prospective follow-up study in a nursing home population. Clinical rehabilitation, 27, (in press).

Hee-Sang Kim, M.D., Dong Hwan Yun, M.D., Seung Don Yoo, M.D., Dong Hwan Kim, M.D., Yong Seol Jeong, M.D.,

Jee-Sang Yun, M.D., Dae Gyu Hwang, M.D., Pil Kyo Jung, M.D., and Seong He Choi, M.D. Balance Control and Knee Osteoarthritis Severity. Ann Rehabil Med. 2011 October; 35(5): 701–709. Published online 2011 October 31. doi: 10.5535/arm.2011.35.5.701